Review one. "Ensuring poverty."

A book review about "Ensuring poverty" is well-written, thorough literature analyzing the history of welfare policy. The book makes its analysis strictly on the feminist lens. Kornbluh and Gwendolyn mink. Authors are focusing on policymakers and the "feminist audience" aimed at the equality of mothers, especially minority mothers. There is also special attention to the history and policy of the 1996 personal responsibility and work opportunity reconciliation act. Exploring the debate of social justice feminists and their path in the 90's90's, and 2000's2000's- which policymakers rejected. Feminism means that fight for the equality of all people. It is the belief and equality of all sexes. Briefly, let us talk about the reconciliation act of 1996, signed by Bill Clinton. This bill would require work in exchange for time-limited assistance. Under this new law, the recipients must work after two years on assistance with few exceptions. There are provisions in the bill to end dependency and promote two-parent families. There was also a fifty million dollar funding on abstinence programs to prevent teen pregnancy. Believe that this book is necessary for every man to read. It is essential to understand the social welfare argument from the perspective of women, not just through the lens of the patriarchy, which is what most of us know. It is incredibly upsetting that the new provisions under the reconciliation act would only help parents returning to work. Understand they were thinking of an incentive to get people to work. Joe Biden's 1994 crime law is an example of what politicians were more concerned with when crime in low-income neighborhoods was a crime. Nevertheless, we know that it is tough for families to work, take care of the children, and still have enough money left over to buy their necessities. How is it possible to raise kids and have both parents working? - It is not possible. Promoting two-parent families is a good, wholesome idea, but does it consider that the man might leave the woman to fend for herself? Or that the cost of living is so high compared to minimum wage? What if the couple had a baby in high school? Several financial traps keep them stuck in low-income status. Only one person gives birth to the baby and is more likely to take care of him/her. There is also the case to make that abstinence programs do not work. We cannot expect women specifically to refrain from sexual activities simply because we expect them to or because they are at risk of getting pregnant. Instead of teaching them to stay away from sex, we can teach them how to protect themselves from getting pregnant properly. The only lens when dealing with social welfare policy is the feminist lens. Radical feminism is too extreme and demands that men give up all their power and that women be the sole dominators of social policy decisions. Men must also be involved equally as much as women because this world belongs to all of us.

Sociological analysis

That of the patriarchy still mirrors today's societal values. A system in which the first-born male prioritizes the patriarchal mentality is still at the center of American lives. Men are most important in decision-making, head of the households because women are "too emotional" to make tough decisions. Men believe to be more serious, intimidating, physically imposing, making them most suitable for leadership roles. Since the beginning of its founding, America has been patriarchal, meaning all good and bad things that have happened belong to the patriarchy. We, as a society, have not changed our behavior and therefore still believe in patriarchal values. The issue begins with letting women, who have historically not been in positions of power, be accepted in leadership roles by most of the population. It might take convincing many men and some women that women are just as capable of doing everything a man does. There needs to be a whole restructuring of moral and societal values in America for any comprehensive laws to affect both men and women equally regarding raising children. The first thing we have to do is massively expand the social welfare program. They are expanding everything, like temporary assistance to needy families, more government programs explicitly raising awareness of available social programs, creating new social programs that help all families in American in the upper-middle class. In order to create this appropriate environment, we must also reform sexual education. Instead of dumping 50$ million dollars on abstinence programs, we can spend 50$ million dollars on sexual awareness programs for men specifically reinforcing consent. Women teach them the importance of choosing the right sexual partner for them. Sex should be about intimacy instead of a "forbiden fruit." Spending more money on teaching people how to be more responsible and aware of who is spending time with and whom families happen. We have to change our values first in order for these things to work.

Also, we need to change our values because we need to reinforce a policy on "ending dependence on male support and focus on single-parents." First, Reinforce the notion that single parents on benefits can be either male or female. Ending dependence on male support means that women's societal values and expectations should not be to marry and raise children. Instead, if they have children, they can also focus on having a steady income to feed them, which should not exceed more than 1,000 for a household of 4 since that would be 250$ per head on groceries. Creating an essential department in each state to monitor how well the state is doing in approving people who meet the correct requirements. There should also be a margin of people we want to keep on these benefits for an agreed amount of time. The margin of people on benefits should not be more than 25% of the state's population. The creation of the new department would also make giving performance bonuses easier if these departments are keeping track of the margin and people who are not returning after benefits have ended. Time limits on benefits are also fundamental; there should not be more than 5-10 years depending on situations, so a department charged with each state's particular records is essential. There will be a check-up for a five-year benefit term, with trained social workers, every year. With a ten-year benefit term, there is going to be a check-up every two years. The check-ups are to ensure that families are doing well financially, emotionally, and mentally. Also, to increase the families' success rate, make sure that the money is in good use. The reason behind why they should be social workers is that the idea of expanding the social welfare programs is that there is going to be money to pay them. Nevertheless, there will be a higher demand for sociology majors and others who can take on these "Reach-out" programs for families on disability to give them the support and mentorship to get them through their hardships in life.

Overall, expanding the social welfare program, focusing on changing societal values that are closer to feminist values. Funding proper sexual education programs teaching young people about proper sexual education and creating a new department for each state to manage records on who is getting financial benefits from the government, having performance bonuses for states that meet the margin requirements, and being very strict on time limits. The time limits are critical since they will be on assistance before they have a job, but most importantly, they have enough money and food while trying to find a job.